Segmentation typically involves several key components or parts. The process of segmentation involves dividing a broad target market into distinct and homogeneous segments based on certain criteria. Here are the common parts or components of segmentation:

  • Demographic Segmentation: Understanding demographic factors such as age, gender, income, and occupation helps businesses identify and target specific customer groups that are more likely to have similar needs, preferences, and purchasing behaviours. Demographic segmentation provides a foundation for market analysis and targeting strategies.
  • Psychographic Segmentation: Psychographic segmentation goes beyond demographic characteristics and delves into customers’ values, attitudes, lifestyles, and personality traits. This aids a company in gaining insights into the motivations and psychographic profiles of different customer segments, enabling them to create targeted marketing messages and experiences.
  • Behavioural Segmentation: Behavioral segmentation is essential for understanding customers’ buying patterns, usage behaviours, brand loyalty, and responses to marketing stimuli. This component enables companies to identify customer segments based on their behaviours and tailor marketing strategies accordingly, such as designing loyalty programs or personalized offers.

These three components (demographic, psychographic, and behavioural segmentation) provide a solid foundation for segmenting a target market and developing effective marketing strategies. They offer valuable insights into customers’ characteristics, motivations, and behaviours, which are crucial for creating targeted and relevant marketing campaigns.